Adaptation Responses of Selected Pregnant Women


SUMMARY: This study sought to determine the level of adaptation responses of the selected pregnant women in terms of physiologic mode, self-concept mode, role function mode and interdependence mode and the

association of such variables as age, civil status, socio-economic status, parity, period of pregnancy and educational attainment.

Specifically, the study answered the following questions:
1. What is the profile of the respondents as to age, civil status, socio economic status, parity, educational attainment, and period of pregnancy?

2. What is the level of adaptation responses of the respondents in terms of physiologic mode, self-concept mode, role function mode, and interdependence mode?

3. What is their level of adaptation responses when they are taken according to age, civil status, socio – economic status, parity educational attainment, and period of pregnancy?

4. Is there a significant difference on the adaptation responses of the respondents as to age, civil status, socio – economic status, parity, educational attainment, and period of pregnancy?

The population of the study was composed of 100 Selected Pregnant women in Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Memorial Hospital Trece Martires City Cavite, Whose age’s ranges from 16-35 years.

The descriptive method was used in the study. A validated survey questionnaire was developed to gather data needed to answer each of the specific problems.

All the data in the questionnaire were pre-coded for computer computations. Frequencies, Relative Frequency, Mean and F-test or one-way ANOVA were used to analyze the data.

FINDINGS:
1. Approximately 33% of the respondents belong to the 21 -25 years old; 74% of the respondents were married; 73% of the total respondents earn or have a family monthly income of P5, 000 and below; 34% of the respondents are considered primipara or first time mothers; 58% of the total respondents are in their 3rd Trimester or they are pregnant for 8-9 months; lastly most of the respondents that are 56% had an educational attainment of high school years or secondary education.

2. Respondents’ level of adaptation responses in terms of physiologic mode is on the average with a computed mean of 4.01; self-concept mode with the mean of 3.29; role function mode with the mean of 3.75; and the interdependence mode with the mean of 3.97 are all considered more adaptive as suggested by the mean computation.

3. In terms of civil status and socio- economic status were found significantly different in their levels of their adaptation. On the other hand, respondents group into age, parity and period of pregnancy were found not significantly different.

CONCLUSION:
From the foregoing findings, the following conclusions were drawn:

1. Most of the respondents are in the age bracket of 21-25 years old, married, earning P5, 000 and below, has an educational attainment of high school or secondary level, and in terms of their parity most of the respondents are primipara or they are having their first baby, lastly they are in their 3rd trimester of their pregnancy.

2. Respondents’ level of physiologic response s in terms of physiologic mode, self-concept mode, role function mode and interdependence mode on the average are all considered more adaptive.

3. Respondents’ level of adaptation responses when grouped according to all age group were more adaptive; period of pregnancy in both trimesters found out to be more adaptive; parity considered to be more adaptive in both multipara and primipara; and in terms of socio-economic status. While, when they are grouped according to civil status they are considered adaptive.

4. Respondents’ level of adaptation when grouped in terms of civil status and socio- economic status were found significantly different in their levels of their adaptation. On the other hand, respondents grouped into age, parity and period of pregnancy were found not significantly different.

RECOMMENDATIONS:
From the foregoing conclusions, the following recommendations were drawn:

1. In view of the limitations, of the study where the respondents are selected pregnant women in the hospital, who may have a little background or knowledge about different adaptive behaviors, further study is suggested by conducting similar study outside other hospitals.

2. Since respondents are selected pregnant women from different localities consulting a tertiary government hospital, the administrators must pay strictly to their patients’ health needs by providing structured program and strict implementation and careful monitoring of such program. Program organizers should avoid moralizing and particularly in terms of the socio-economic status, parity, and mostly in terms of civil status.

3. Other Researchers can replicate this study to refine, quantify, and verify findings. They may replicate this study in a much bigger population and with respondents who are more heterogeneous in terms of period of pregnancy and the level of their adaptations responses. They can also replicate it having a comparison of adaptation level of responses of the patients of different hospitals.

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