Information Systems - Definitions and Vocabulary


Electronic Commerce:
Consist primarily of the distributing, buying, selling, marketing and servicing of products or services over electronic system such as the Internet and other computer networks. The information technology industry

might see it as an electronic business application aimed at commercial transactions.

Internet Filtering:
An Internet filtering allows an administrator to monitor and/or control Internet access. Monitoring Internet access means the administrator allows network user's unrestricted access to the Internet, while producing aggregate and detailed usage reports. Controlling Internet access means the administrator places restrictions on how the Internet is used within the organization. And it is designed to promote professional use of the Internet by effectively monitoring and/or restricting access to sites.

Intelligent Agents:
Is software that assists people and act on their behalf. Intelligent agents work by allowing people to delegate work that they could have done, to the agent software. Agents can perform repetitive tasks, remember things you forgot, intelligently summarize complex data, learn from you and even make recommendations to you. An intelligent agent can help you find and filter information and customize it.

Internet Security:
Set of rules, policies, procedures and technical measures used to prevent unauthorized right of entry, modification, theft, or physical damage to information systems that we may face when we access to the internet.

Anonymous E-Mailers:
It is feature where Allows users to send email without revealing their identity and personal information to the recipient to Protect their privacy and data

Information Security:
Is the process of protecting data from unauthorized access, use, disclosure, destruction, modification, or disruption. More over, information security has held that three key concepts formed the core principles of information security: confidentiality, integrity and availability.

XML versus HTML:
HTML short for HyperText Markup Language is the predominant markup language for the creation of web pages. Where XML short for The Extensible Markup Language is metalanguage written in SGML that allows one to design a markup language and for the easy interchange of documents on the World Wide Web also, it is more popular than HTML with web site designers.

Java Script:
A scripting language based on the concept of prototype-based programming. JavaScript is only distantly related to the Java programming language, the main similarity being their common debt to the C syntax. The language is best known for its use in websites such as, write functions that are embedded in or included from HTML pages and interact with the Document Object Model

Computer Hackers:
A person who accesses a computer network without permission for profit, criminal mischief, or personal satisfaction. Hackers are often able to break into computers because of operating system or other built-in system defects, hackers can get information relating to legitimate users and modify it and change it.

Computer Viruses:
A computer program that is designed to replicate itself by copying itself into the other programs stored in a computer. It may be benign or have a negative effect, such as causing a program to operate incorrectly or corrupting a computer's memory. Viruses are very difficult to detect and spread rapidly.

Knowledge Management
Refers to a range of practices used by organizations to identify, create, represent, and distribute knowledge for reuse, awareness, and learning across the organizations. tied to organizational objectives and are intended to lead to the achievement of specific outcomes, such as shared intelligence, improved performance, competitive advantage, or higher levels of innovation.

MIS Ethics:
The principles and guides of right and wrong used by the MIS members acting as free moral agents to make choices to guide their behavior , Privacy, accuracy, property and accessibility, these are the four major issues of information ethics for the information age.

E-Learning
E-learning involves the use of a computer or electronic device (e.g. a mobile phone) in some way to provide training, educational or learning material. And it also, involves using the Internet or an Intranet

Artificial Intelligence:
Field of computer science that attempts to simulate characteristics of human intelligence or senses. These include learning, reasoning, and adapting. This field studies the designs of intelligent agents, or a system that acts intelligibly. There are many different goals for AI, on of them to understand the human intelligent well.

Technology Innovation:
Both the output and the process of arriving at a technologically feasible solution to a problem triggered by a technological opportunity or customer need

Web Services:
A Web service is a component of programmable application logic that can be accessed using standard web protocols. It's basically a component, or an assembly in ASP.NET, that can be accessed over the web. Anyone with a browser can see and use this application logic.

Peer Services:
Computer network relies primarily on the computing power and bandwidth of the participants in the network rather than concentrating it in a relatively low number of servers.

Business Process Mgt:
Activities performed by organizations to manage and, if necessary, to improve their business processes. While such improvements are hardly new, software tools called business process management systems (BPM systems) have made such activities faster and cheaper

Mobile Business:
M-commerce (mobile commerce) is the buying and selling of goods and services through wireless handheld devices such as cellular telephone and personal digital assistants (PDAs).

Enterprise Security:
Protection of the security of information in all of its forms (electronic, physical) and the security of the systems and networks where information is stored, accessed, processed, and transmitted.

Trends and Advanced in Technology:
Using Technology is helping to manage process flows and ensure that more accurate data are being collected in a more consistent and timely fashion. At the same time, processes that once relied on manual activities are frequently being automated, eliminating mundane tasks and speeding processing in different field of our life.

Real Time Computing:
Enabling technology for many important applications, including multimedia, financial trading systems, air-traffic control systems, robotics, and process control, just to name a few which are subject to a real-time constraint.

Justifying IT Investment:
The way of measuring where you are now, modeling the benefits of making improvements, and putting an overall value on running your IT well.

IT Implementation Challenges:
Realization of a technical specification or algorithm as a program, software component, or other computer systemin all functions and Operations of any large enterprise pose a lot of challenges and overall organizational infrastructure

IT for Competitive Advantages:
Using of information technology to enable a company to operate in a more efficient or otherwise higher-quality manner than the companies it competes with, and which results in benefits accruing to that company.

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