Criminal justice is distinct from the field of criminology, which involves the study of crime as a social phenomena, causes of crime, criminal behavior, and other aspects of crime. Criminal justice emerged as an academic discipline in the 1920s, beginning with Berkeley police chief August Vollmer who established a criminal justice program at the University of California, Berkeley in 1916. Vollmer’s work was carried on by his student, O.W. Wilson, who led efforts to professionalize policing and reduce corruption.
If you have a daughter, she has a one in five chance of being sexually abused before she turns twelve. One in five little girls under the age of twelve has been molested nationally by someone claiming the only thing they are guilty of is love. Through this paper you will find facts and statistics showing that 92% of sexually abused children are not molested by some unknown on the street, but by a relative, close family friend or person of authority. You will discover that most molestations are not one time offences but continue for months and sometimes years before ever being disclosed. You will also learn the shockingly high number of white middle to upper class offenders. This author will explore the offenders control over their victim and attempt to explain the victim’s silence. Lastly, we will look at the ability to rehabilitate and reintegrate sexual predators safely into society.
Dr. Virginia Jeronimus
30 August 2008
Discuss the historical development of American Policing
The development of law enforcement in colonial America was similar to that of England during the same time period. Law enforcement in colonial America was considered a local responsibility. As in England, the colonies established a system of night watch to guard cities against fire, crime, and disorder. In addition to night watch systems, there were sheriffs appointed by the governor and constables elected by the people. These individuals were responsible for maintaining order and providing other services. Nalla and Newman have described the following problems plaguing colonial cities that were considered the responsibility of police: controlling slaves and Indians; maintaining order; regulating specialized functions such as selling in the market and delivering goods; maintaining health and sanitation; managing pests and other animals; ensuring the orderly use of vehicles; controlling liquor, gambling, vice, and weapons; and keeping watch for fires.
Despite a focus on constructing and testing theories about the causes of crime, researchers frequently avoid explicit discussion of causal issues. Researchers argue that attention to particular causal issues will both facilitate theory construction and testing and provide a more systematic basis for identifying policy implications for criminological theory and research. Researchers also suggest how criminologists and policymakers can benefit from consideration of causal issues.
The field in Criminal Justice that I have chosen will take me a few steps to get there but I do have a plan. The beginning of my plan starts out here at IBC and ends at the juvenile probation department. In the state of Indiana you have to have a bachelors degree to become one so I will have a few steps on the way. I’m sure I will have to get some help with these steps but I am willing to ask the questions and the take the time that it will take to get me to the end of my plan.
By Roby Lynn Rice
The Fourth Amendment to the US Constitution provides that persons are free in their persons from unreasonable searches and seizures.
While many people disagree that criminals get away with things, due to all the people involved in the process of the case not doing their share.
The New York State prison system till this day continues to be one of the most popular prison systems in our country.
An act is not automatically a crime because it is hurtful or sinful. A crime in my opinion is when a person or persons intentionally violates the safety of an individual by breaking the law. I believe that plea bargaining can be an unfair process to the victims family and others because the offender can have the opportunity to take suspended sentence instead of a considerably harsher punishment. To answer the question the nature of the crime should affect the persons opportunity to plea bargain; Yes.
Our juvenile court systems have come a long way. Juveniles sometimes need help to get there life’s in order and track. There are various ways for juveniles to get the help they may need to get back on track The major difference between our juveniles and the adults they commit crimes is that there are many private facilities for the juveniles.