Red Chief Writing

Dear Sam,
I truly think that Red Chief needs to leave. Red Chief is physically violent, he’s driving me mentally insane, and I’m doing all the work while your not helping at all. This is your last chance. I’ve gone through thick and think with you, but I wont take this much longer. I really think you should listen to me and consider why Red Chief should leave.

Holden and Depression

Depression, one of the world’s most prevalent psychological problems, affects nearly everyone through either personal experience or through depression in a family member or friend. Each year, over 17 million Americans experience a period of clinical depression. In a teenager’s life, they must confront peer pressure problems at school, problems at home, the deaths of loved ones, alcohol abuse, etc.; another cause of depression is said to be smoking, a habit Holden is addicted to. “Teens who smoked were at an increased risk of depression at a 73% higher rate than other teens.” (Goodman and Capitman, 2005)

Lord of the Flies: The Symbolism of the Clothing

The novel, Lord of the Flies, written by William Golding, is a very symbolic piece of literature. Most of the symbols are easy to identify and explain. One exception, however, is the clothing, which is mainly overlooked, because in our society, clothing is a part of our everyday lives. Consequently, when we read, we sometimes dismiss clothing symbolization. In the novel, clothes symbolize order, rules, and democracy. The clothing is a symbol of society that becomes extinct. Since the boys are from boarding school, they all come in uniforms, which illustrate the rules and order of their society. The disappearances of their clothing represent a mirroring of their discarding of civilization and a descent into barbarity. The choir robes and preparatory school uniforms also serve to highlight the “angelic” innocence of the boys before the barbarous nature, only a little below the surface in most of us, begins to emerge. As the boys’ clothing turns to rags, their order turns to chaos, and their rules are disregarded, and their system of democracy is overthrown and replaced with a fascist leader.

The House of Mirth

In Edith Wharton’s novel, The House of Mirth, the main protagonist, Lily Bart moves back and forth between dreams of marriage and equally strong desires for independence and freedom. Despite her training on the social codes of conduct and etiquette, which was ingrained into her daily existence by her mother, Lily exhibits frequent moments of recklessness that threaten her opportunities in the marriage market. Why does a well-trained, economically motivated, twenty-nine year old virgin risk her chances for a financial and social safe-haven? With the aid of Jacques Lacan’s theories in the formation of subjectivity in the psyche, an analysis of Lily Bart’s history and background should help answer this question.

Influence of the English Language

I have always found it most interesting and entertaining to listen to a person speak foreign language. Whether it is directly aimed toward me or listening to it in a movie, it gives me the same appeal. Of course there are certain languages that stick out more such as French, and Spanish mainly because it is around us more often and obviously spoken more widely. I was given the opportunity to study a foreign language in high school and chose French. I took French all four years of high school and loved it. English has been around for a long time, but other languages in my mind have influenced the English language of today, including French. In saying this I also believe English has had the same affect on many other foreign languages as well.

The Old Man and the Sea

In his 1952 novella, The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemingway tells the story in a language of great simplicity and power. It is the story of a Cuban fisherman who is down on his luck, and is engaged in an epic battle with a giant marlin far out in the Gulfstream. Written in a style of prose that Hemingway mastered throughout his literary career, the author recasts his classic theme of courage in the face of defeat, and personal triumph won from great loss. The Old Man and the Sea is the perfect medium for the author to turn situations surrounding his life into a hugely successful fictional tale, which, shocks the literary world, and wins the Pulitzer Prize in 1953.

Problems with an English-medium Education

To what extent is English-medium education the solution or the problem in settings where English is not the dominant language of the pupils’ homes or local communities?

Unfortunately, this is not a question I am going to be able to give one clear, definitive answer to as I believe that English-medium education can be both a problem, and a solution in situations where English is not the dominant language. On the one hand we have cases such as the one that can be seen in the state of Karnataka in India, where English-medium education has been replaced by one of the local languages, Kannada, a sensible decision many would say, but not when you consider that most of the urban areas in the State are multilingual, with people whose mother-tongues are Kannada, Tamil, Marathi, Malayalam, Punjabi, Gujarati, Sindhi, Bengali, and many more (Resource and Reference Materials, p.81), so here, it could be argued, that one combining language, such as English, should be used that would be of benefit to all as a lingua franca. Then on the other hand you have Kathleen Heugh’s argument that without a full understanding of their mother-tongue children will struggle to fully understand what they are being taught, and that English-medium education should not begin until the children have received at least 6-8 years of mother-tongue education to avoid any such problems of comprehension (Learning English, pp.181-88)

The Human Cost of an Illiterate Society

The Human Cost of an Illiterate Society by Jonathan Kozol points out the hardships that people go through on a daily basis because they are functionally illiterate. He describes the fact that many of these people vote blindly or do not vote at all, and if they could have voted based on what they read that we may not have had some of our past presidents in this country. He gives mind blowing statistics, including the 60 million people that are functionally illiterate in 1980, and first-hand quotes from some of those 60 million; but leaves too much up to the audience making his argument weak.

What Feminist Issues does Maxine Hong Kingston Raise in No Name Woman?

Maxine Hong Kingston is the best recognized Asian-American writer today and her work attracts attention from many circles—Chinese-Americans, feminist scholars and literary critics. Her works are usually an admixture of fiction and fact, memory and imagination and their subjects range from the difficulties and complexities in the life of the Chinese woman to the immigrant life of Asian-Americans. No Name Woman focuses on the lot of the Chinese woman and particularly the sexism in Chinese culture. In it she describes the life of her shamed, drowned aunt who lived in China where there was no room for a woman’s ideas, feelings or emotional states.

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