Decentralization, Globalisation and China’s Partial Re-Engagement with the Global Economy

IntroductionThere is a tendency for research on processes of regional economic integration to be built on national-based paradigms and levels of analysis. Even those approaches that move away from intergovernmental processes of state-led regionalism and instead emphasise non-state directed regionalisation are often concerned with integration between two or more national economies. But, in many cases, real integration is taking place below the national scale. This is reflected in the growing number of formal agreements between subnational political administrations, and also by the uneven geographic spread of international economic relations in many states.

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What is the Comparative Approach to Politics?

What are the advantages and disadvantages in using a comparative approach to politics?

Contemporary politics is being shaped and transformed right before our eyes. The way citizens interact with the state, its very definition, the source of its power and scope of its authority is being constantly challenged (Gieben, Lewis, 2005, p. 65). The growing influence of the media, changing social values, unbelievable technological advancements and far-reaching impacts of globalisation are but a few factors political writers cite as the driving force behind this transformation. But different countries react to change differently. Not in the least because no two are ruled in exactly the same way. Comparative politics seeks to understand the origins of the changes and compare the range of political responses in order to begin to offer explanations for why certain developments took place and to make a prediction of the future development trajectory. In this essay I will assess the merits and problems of the comparative study of politics to help me illustrate my argument that comparative approach can be a very helpful tool as long as it used to address the right question and the writer realises its limitations and potential pitfalls.

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Sovereign and Self Regulating Nations

Every state wants to be sovereign and self regulating like America, but today invisibly and imperceptibly America is looking no more sovereign , because of too much influence and interference of Israeli lobby in US. As two conservative American political scientists John Mearsheimer and Stephen Walt writing an article in 2006 about the influence of Israel lobby in American politics, say and warn that “its decisive role in fomenting the Iraq war is now being repeated with the threat of action against Iran”. In 2006 former UN weapons inspector in Iraq “Scott Ritter” claimed that certain Israelis and pro-Israel elements in the United States has been trying to push the Bush Administration into war with Iran. Recently a leading American scientist Stewart Nozette has been arrested and charged with espionage .He had been working in Top Secret clearance which included nuclear weapon design information at the Department of Energy. The US Justice Department said that he had been tried to pass on top secret information to an Israeli Intelligence Officer. As in past Lawrence Franklin espionage scandal which is also known as the AIPAC espionage scandal which claims that information regarding United States policy towards Iran was passed to Israel through staff members associated with American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) which directly lobbies the legislative branch of the US Government. Besides the fact that two former AIPAC employees has also been accused but US officials have been constantly stressing that Israeli government has not been involved in it. While as a matter of fact the US government’s current operating budget is dependent on foreign financing and money creation.

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Biography of Carl von Clausewitz

Carl von Clausewitz: War and the Role of Military Philosophy

Introduction:
Carl von Clausewitz (1780-1831) is considered to be the father of war. His works can be considered as the corner stone for contemporary military theory. In this paper a biography is presented at first for a better understanding of his background and afterwards his basic ideas presented in his major work “On War” are presented. The significance and influence of these ideas nowadays is also examined under the scope of their presence in the military realm.

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Blacks and The Media

In 1844 Secretary of State John C. Calhoun used minstrel shows to argue for the extension of slavery. He wrote “ Here is proof of the necessity of slavery. The African is Incapable of self care and slavery and sinks into lunacy under the burden of freedom. It is a mercy to give him the guardianship and protection from mental death.” Now here 166 years later the media still portray African Americans as ignorant and uncontrollable.

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Ethnic Groups in America

When the Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock they brought with them the dominant human characteristics of risk taking, perseverance and determination for the end result of abundant prosperity. While at first look one would assume that these are desirable traits to have in any ethnic group. However not when the prosperity of the newly colonized people involves its ability to invade, displace and eradicate the native ethnic groups in its pursuit of expansion. After the American Revolution, Americans would import foreign African ethnic groups establishing an economic and political system that would escalate into a heedless nation that’s only cultural contribution to the world is its obsession for greed ,wealth, and power at the expense of all ethnic tradition and customs brought here by immigrants from around the world.

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Loose Ethics in US Congress

In today’s United States Congress the loose interpretation of the rules is a major problem. Since some of the guidelines have room for interpretation members have gone against the common practices in order to get the votes needed for legislation. In November 2003, a bill on prescription drug coverage for Medicare may be one of the best examples of this loose interpretation of the rules. It has been common practice since 1973 when electronic voting began to hold votes open for fifteen minutes, though votes have been left open for a few minutes after the norm to accommodate members who were delayed to the floor (Mann & Ornstein, 2006). In November 2003 the vote was left open for two hours and fifty-two minutes. Members both republican and democrat where outraged. If this could be allowed all the normal practices of the house have been thrown out. The new way would consist of allowing votes to remain open in order for the majority to gain the votes needed to pass legislation. Also, during this vote, a member of Health and Human services was allowed on the floor to twist arms and lobby. This display violated a long standing tradition of the House, in which the floor is off limits to outsiders.

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The Role of the Civil Society in Democratic Sustainance in Nigeria

The role of civil society in democratic sustenance in Nigeria is an indisputable fact of the nation democratic and developmental aspiration must be realized. The installation of democratic governance was largely in part to civil society activities. However, there has been genuine concern as to the continued effectiveness of civil society consolidating democracy in Nigeria. This study is therefore a critical analysis of civil society in Nigeria. Its straights and limitation and how such limitations can be over some. In doing this, we made use of secondary data. Using the group theory our chief recommendation is that civil society can be more effective of they maintain a high degree of indepedence from the government.

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First Amendment Bill of Rights

I. The Bill of Rights was ratified on December 15, 1791, it guarantees four rights, freedom of
religion, speech, press and assembly

1) Our founding fathers came to the agreement that those very rights needed to be protected and they most certainly had the right idea

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Presidents are Ambassadors

All presidents are ambassadors of their own countries. Although a presidents job is a huge job with gigantic responsibilities it doesn’t differ from any other profession; for each and every job shares the same characteristic which is: serving the country for the sake of the nation’s prosperity. It is well known that every four years a new president is elected by the Americans to lead the United States of America. Since the United States is considered to be the role model and an elite government of the whole world and so is its president, many things are expected from this strong body. “We lead the world, by deed and example” (The American Moments). Sadly for the past few years the United States has disappointed not only its people but also the whole world for it hasn’t yet fulfilled what is expected from it. On November 4, in the year 2008, stood and for the first time an African American, humble and most determined newly elected American president by the name of “Barack Obama” and gave a brilliant speech; A speech that will be marked to be the new dawn to all citizens of the United States of America and the whole world. Although his speech wasn’t that long, it was very comprehensive and effective. He gives an oath to make change in the aspects of the war in Iraq, the global warming threat, education and many other threatening aspects. In his speech Obama directs his citizens with, Pathos, Logos and Ethos in order to deliver his message which is: a new vision, inevitable change, and unity of the whole universe.

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