In every text thus far assigned, the female sex has been largely ignored. Men write of a ‘Social Contract’ where a person’s freedoms and rights are taken into account, only if that person is a man. Rousseau is the first to address women and how they should be viewed and treated under his sexual contract.
The feminist movement in the United States began in 1948 in upstate New York. The first women’s rights convention was in July 19th of that year. The women involved with the feminist movement were ridiculed for fighting for women’s rights but it did not stop them from standing up for their beliefs. One example of a woman willing to do whatever it took to gain women’s rights was Susan B. Anthony. She was arrested for attempting to vote in the presidential election in 1872. These first women who advocated women’s rights became known as the “first wave of feminists.”
While reading these articles, Roberts (2002) and Salis (2008) spoke on the subject of women wanting sex just as much as the man. When a woman is interested in a man sparks will fly, but if she is not interest in the man chances are she will likely not want to be bothered with him. In general it seems as if women think about sex or love talking about sex openly. Woman who can never reach an orgasm will more likely have a disinterest in sexual encounters. Women love foreplay, because of the intimacy that is involved. Women love to be touched, flirted with, and for someone to make them laugh that makes the women feel sexy. If most men did not act like an animal towards women, but worked on getting the woman aroused it would make the encounter more enjoyable for the woman.
In this essay I have intended to outline the movement named as ‘feminism’ in Critical Theory and in our social life first and then to focus on one of the womanist writer’s work which is ‘In Search Of Our Mothers’ Gardens’ by Alice Walker. Its natural development in art, literature or in politics in terms of equal social rights for women has been mentioned briefly to understand this social phenomenon. Actually this movement has various outcomes or effects from humanities to politics and from economy to daily social life. Feminism includes some of the sociological theories and philosophies concerned with issues of gender difference. It is also a movement that campaigns for women’s rights and interests. It has changed traditional perspectives on a wide range of areas in human life from culture to law as well. Briefly, the premises of feminism in these areas as well as the changing perspectives in our life will be mentioned. Then a womanist writer’s work ‘In Search Of Our Mother’s Garden’ has been analyzed through her point of views. My own views, experiences and comments have been added to describe these concepts better. Although I am biologically ‘male’, probably I might have ‘patriarchal’ influences and from time to time I call my wife ‘feminist’ to make her angry, I really share common ideas with respect for the women whose rights – from education to production of artistic works in art, literature, sculpture …etc., from voting to being selected as Members of Parliament, from working as officials to maternity leave – have been taken from their hands and neglected for a long time. As in case of Alice Walker their natural rights of FREEDOM have been captured by the POWER – whoever has been holding in their hands which is worse than the white women’s conditions in Europe. The readers of this essay will go on a journey and see how women got their natural rights in time and in what extend our lives in society have been changed within their effects.
Patsy Takemoto Mink was the first colored women in congress. This position obviously did not come easily to her, rather with a bunch of struggle and motivation in order to accomplish her goals. She was a Japanese American, strong and willed, representing the Democratic Party. She served in the U.S House of Representatives for a total of 12 terms, representing Hawaii’s first and second congressional districts. During her time in congress she authorized the Title IX Amendment of the Higher Education Act, which was later named The Patsy T. Mink Equal Opportunity in Education Act, after her death in 2002 due to pneumonia.
Abortion and adoption are two very different things but they are both an option a women can choose from when facing an unwanted or unplanned pregnancy. A woman has a right to choose what her future will be and having a child is a choice. Choosing to have an abortion or to give a child up for adoption are both decisions that a women must live with for the rest of her life. Abortion is frowned upon, it is thought of as a negative thing, where as adoption is an option that is supported but they are both a choice to give up a child. Abortion is seen as the easy way out, an irresponsible choice it is a different choice from adoption but that does not make it easier. An unwanted or unplanned pregnancy can change a women’s life but there are ways to deal with it and then move on afterwards.
The two sisters,Sita Devi and Shanta Devi from whose work a selection is now translated and offered to the English-reading public are daughters of Sri Ramananda Chatterjee, the well-known publicist. It is very much essential as well as interesting to know about Sri Chatterjee, the father of Shanta Devi-Sita Devi before further discussion of the latter’s life and works.
During the civil war, the order on the totem pole of society went as follows: men (of course), animals on the farm, slaves, then women. Women had no say in anything. They simply cleaned, cooked, and the other end of it needs no mention. As wives, they owned nothing. Their husbands were legally able to hit them to ensure their “obedience”. If they spoke in public, they were denounced in their church for “promiscuous activity.” They also received little or no education.
For many generations the man has been the only one who had an opinion. Men were the only ones who made decisions and women were basically material things. They did not have a say in any part of the community; they were used to produce children and take care of those children. A woman had many jobs to do, but no matter how much she would do, she would not collect recognition because she was looked at as lower than a man.
For women there are no developed countries. Implied in this statement is the truth that women everywhere works for longer hours, the plight of poor rural women is rather worse. Every dawn brings with it a long search of fuel fodder and water. It does not matter if the women are old, young or pregnant, crucial household needs have to be met after weary day.